Fannin County, Georgia is named in his honor. The Battle of Agua Dulce was fought on March 2. As a last name Fannin was the 5,092 nd most popular name in 2010. After “Remember the Alamo,” the Texas Revolution’s most potent battle cry was “Remember Goliad.” A charming community on the San Antonio River now sits where, in 1836, Mexican forces executed Col. James Fannin and his men. James Bonham (February 20, 1807 – March 6, 1836) was a 19th-century American soldier who died at the Battle of the Alamo during the Texas Revolution. Governor James W. Robinson "..among the rise of 400 men at, and near this post, I doubt if 25 citizens of Texas can be mustered in the ranks...". Houston ordered Colonel James W. Fannin to evacuate his 400-man force from Goliad a… knew in advance of the trip the basic facts about James Walker Fannin, Jr. Associated With. Battle of Coleto Creek. Colonel James W. Fannin's Execution at Goliad From Mr. Joseph H. Spohn's Story as published in the New York Evening Star, summer 1836, reprinted in part by a Pennsylvania Newspaper, Tuesday, 9 August 1836. On November 13, Houston offered Fannin the post of Inspector General to the regular army. James Fannin surrendered (March 20, 1836, after the Battle of Coleto Creek) to superior Mexican forces under Gen. José Urrea. James "Jim" Bowie (c. 1796—March 6, 1836) was an American frontiersman, trader of enslaved people, smuggler, American Indigenous fighter, and soldier in the Texas Revolution.He was among the defenders at the Battle of the Alamo in 1836, where he perished along with all of his comrades. After being outnumbered and surrendering to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek, Colonel Fannin and nearly all his 344 men were executed soon afterward at Goliad, Texas, under Santa Anna's orders for all rebels to be executed. Urrea wrote in his diary that he "...wished to elude these orders as far as possible without compromising my personal responsibility." [5] He participated in the Battle of Gonzales on October 2 and urged Stephen F. Austin to send aid to Gonzales. After a fierce battle, the Mexicans lost about 100-200 killed and wounded; Texan losses were 7-9 killed and 60 wounded. James Walker Fannin joined the United States Military Academy at West Point on July 1, 1819 under the name "James F. Walker". At the Time. [11] In addition, Colonel Garay, Father Maloney (also referred as Molloy), Urrea's wife and an unnamed girl were credited with rescuing prisoners during the Goliad Campaign. "[10] Other people known to rescue some prisoners were Juan Holzinger. James Walker Fannin joined the United States Military Academy at West Point on July 1, 1819 under the name "James F. Walker". A local boy managed to get away and alerted Fannin of the skirmish. Urrea wrote to Santa Anna to ask for clemency for the Texans. On November 22, 1835, Fannin was honorably discharged from the volunteer army by Austin and began campaigning for a larger regular army for Texas. He resigned from West Point due to poor grades, absences and tardiness. Failed expedition to support the Alamo and aftermath, Harbert Davenport and Craig H. Roell, "GOLIAD CAMPAIGN OF 1836," Handbook of Texas Online (, Craig H. Roell, "COLETO, BATTLE OF," Handbook of Texas Online (, Bradle, William R. (2007). … The majority of the men serving under Fannin had only been in Texas a short time; he was frustrated by this, writing to Lt. They defeated Texian forces at the Battle of San Patricio on February 27, where 20 were killed and prisoners were taken. The column traveled about six miles when Fannin ordered a halt to rest his animals. James Fannin, a veteran of the siege of San Antonio and one of the only Texans with any actual military training, was in command of about 300 troops in Goliad, about 90 miles away from San Antonio. In numerous accounts of the Goliad Massacre, a Mexican woman, Francisca (Francita, Panchita or Pancheta) Alavez, sometimes referred to by other surnames (Alvarez or Alavesco), rescued about 20 Texan soldiers; she became known as "The Angel of Goliad. The Texans thought they would likely be set free in a few weeks. Fannin had difficulty leading the volunteers in his charge. A major street in downtown Houston is named after him. After being outnumbered and surrendering to Mexican forces at the Battle of Coleto Creek, Colonel Fannin and nearly all his 344 men were executed soon afterward at Goliad, Texas, under Santa Anna's orders for all rebels to be executed. The relief mission was a failure. He was memorialized in several place names, including a military training camp. [7], The 40 wounded men that could not walk were executed inside the fort compound. His most notable success was that of the Goliad Campaign in which James Fannin's 300 soldiers were surrounded and induced to capitulate under terms but were massacred in Urrea's absence … King and his men confronted an advance party of General Urrea's cavalry in the Battle of Refugio; his defense failed and he withdrew to the old mission. Battle of Gonzales Like Johnson’s force, both of these groups were eventually killed or captured by the Mexicans. In 1821 James Fannin moved to Columbus, Georgia to become a merchant. The Mexican forces under General José de Urrea were now rapidly approaching the Texian stronghold in Goliad. After fierce combat the Battle of the Alamo was won by the Mexican soldiers. Twenty-eight Texans escaped by feigning death and other means. Fannin then sent word to the men at Refugio to rendezvous with his command at Victoria. He commanded the ill-fated group of Georgia volunteers and Texans massacred at Goliad, Texas, on March 27, 1836. General Urrea departed Goliad, leaving command to Colonel Jose Nicolas de la Portilla. American war hero who was a U.S. military figure in the Texas Army and leader during the Texas Revolution from 1835 until 1836. Jan 1, 1819. [4] Fannin later worked with James Bowie, First Battalion, First Division, under Austin's orders to secure supplies and determine the conditions in and around Gonzales and San Antonio de Bexar. Amon B. To provide assistance, James W. Fannin, commander of forces at Goliad, sent two relief forces. James Walker Fannin was born in early 1804 in Georgia. Dr. James Grant, Robert C. Morris and twelve others were killed, with prisoners taken. After Col. James W. Fannin surrendered to Mexican forces, Gen. Santa Anna ordered him and his men executed in nearby Goliad, against the wishes of other Mexican commanders. The troops barely had crossed the San Antonio River when wagons broke down, prompting the men to camp within sight of Goliad. Jim Bowie was a fighter in Texas Revolution who died during the defense of the Alamo. Colonel Fannin was the last to be executed, after seeing his men executed. After some delay, Fannin and his men moved out on the 28th for the more than 90 miles to San Antonio. Later in the month the Mexicans massacred Colonel James Fannin and more than 300 Texas prisoners at Goliad. He married Minerva Fort in 1829 and they had two daughters. They had two daughters together. He tried to institute regular army discipline, but his irregular volunteers would not accept it. Oct 31, 2020 - Explore Carina Case's board "All About History, People,& Inventions", followed by 12207 people on Pinterest. West point James Fannin, now 15, enters the military academy of West Point. As the ashes of the Alamo continued to smolder, Sam Houston feared another disaster could befall his Texas Army. He married Minerva Fort on July 17, 1829. Fannin needed means of transport and had sent Albert C. Horton and his men to Victoria, to bring carts and twenty yokes of oxen from army quartermaster John J. Linn, who did return around March 16. Learn about James Bonham: his birthday, what he did before fame, his family life, fun trivia facts, popularity rankings, and more. The oldest recorded birth by the Social Security Administration for the name Fannin is Thursday, October 21st, 1875. This, along with the Presidio Bahia is a must see experience to learn more about the beginnings of the Texas Independence. See more ideas about History, Interesting history, Photo. Fannin County was named for James Walker Fannin Jr. and the county seat of Bonham, ... Fannin County - Interesting Facts, Stories, Places, creek names and rivers, etc. Some delay, Fannin was an active volunteer in the Battle of Concepción on October 2 and Stephen! 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