Potato skins are used in India to treat swollen gums and to heal burns [88]. Solanum tuberosum subsp. Potatoes were first introduced outside the Andes four centuries ago, and it is estimated that by the year 2020 over two billion people will depend on it for food, feed, or income. The record derives from Tropicos which reports it as an accepted name (record 29600334) with original publication details: Sp. Blaadjes eirond tot omgekeerd eirond, gaafrandig, aan de voet scheef, afgerond of hartvormig. bolivianum Lechn. nud. Beneath the periderm is the cortex followed by the vascular ring. Diagnostische kenmerken Plant met knollen aan ondergrondse uitlopers. Solanum tuberosum spp. 2019;1864:203-223. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-8778-8_15. Jiang Z, Chen C, Wang J, Xie W, Wang M, Li X, Zhang X. Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is a serious and challenging health issue. Pl. Potato is a versatile food highly popular worldwide, prepared and served in a variety of ways: cooked, fried, dehydrated, or as an ingredient in industrial prepared foods. Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae) known as potatoes is a globally important crop plant producing high yields of nutritionally valuable food in the form of tubers [87].Ingestion of green potatoes or potato sprouts can cause various symptoms which can be severe in some cases. Moderate consumption of the juice from the tubers is used in the treatment of peptic ulcers, bringing relief from pain and acidity [88]. Hierbij wordt met de vleugels een luid trillingsignaal gemaakt waarbij de helmhokken getriggerd worden stuifmeel af te geven. As an important nongrain crop, the growth and yield of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is often affected by an unfavorable external environment in the process of cultivation. Aardappelen werden al zo’n 8000 jaar geleden in de bergen van zuidelijk Peru gekweekt, waarbij de knollen door selectie niet meer giftig waren. Inclusions of around 5% of potato flour with wheat flour will give textural and flavour differences in a similar way to other starches. However, TPS are produced as a result of a sexual generation and are genetically different from the parents. Authors Myron A Bruce 1 2 , Jessica L Shoup Rupp 3 4 Affiliations 1 Montana State University, Bozeman, MT, USA. In honor of Ochoa's discovery, the species was named Solanum tuberosum. De aardappel (Solanum tuberosum) is een cultuurgewas, dat behoort tot de nachtschadefamilie, net als de tomaat, paprika en tabak. The skin of the tuber consists of two layers, an outer epidermal layer of single cells and an inner layer called periderm, consisting of several layers of corky cells. Box 386, 6700 AJ, Wageningen, NL ISBN 90-5485-893-1 Cover: see also Fig.5, page 66 Key words: Solanum tuberosum, Solanum verrucosum, self-incompatibility, self-compatibility, Sign up for our newsletter De duidelijkste kenmerken zijn: een kruidachtig gewas ongeveer 50 tot 100 cm hoog, met afgebroken geveerde grote bladeren. Aardappel of Solanum tuberosum L. is een van de meest bekende gekweekte gewassen van Nederland. Solanum andigenum subsp. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Solanales Family: Solanaceae Genus: Solanum Species: S. tuberosum Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. Synonyms List Battata tuberosa (L.) Hill Larnax sylvarum subsp. Bes bolvormig, glad, geelgroenachtig. Thermal inactivation of pectin methylesterase from different potato cultivars (Solanum tuberosum L.) Author links open overlay panel Lucie G. Moens a Elien De Laet a Jean-Claude Van Ceunebroeck b Ann M. Van Loey a Marc E.G. It has spread around the world over the past 400 years, and gained recognition as an inexpensive and nutritive food in the eighteenth century. Potato is mainly used as a staple food but also has a number of medicinal values. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is considered one of the main food products worldwide. Associatie van Grote ereprijs en Witte krodde, Associatie van Korrelganzevoet en Stijve klaverzuring. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. Umbi kentang sekarang telah menjadi salah satu makanan pokok penting di Eropa walaupun pada awalnya didatangkan dari Amerika Selatan.. Penjelajah Spanyol dan Portugis pertama kali membawa ke Eropa dan mengembangbiakkan tanaman ini. Diagnostische kenmerken Plant met knollen aan ondergrondse uitlopers. In addition, hydrolyzing proteins into smaller peptide chains has been proven beneficial to enhance the proteins' functional abilities. Potatoes were first introduced outside the Andes four centuries ago, and it is estimated that by the year 2020 over two billion people will depend on it for food, feed, or income. The name Solanum comes from the Latin “solamen” = consolation, comfort, due to the medicinal and sedative properties of some species of this genus (Solanum in Latin was the name of the Solanum nigrum); … Download deze Raw Potatoes Solanum Tuberosum L foto nu. Freshly harvested raw tubers contain about 80% water and 20% dry matter. When Charles Darwin reached Guayateca island on the Chilean archipelago of Los Chonos, he noted a luxurious growth of wild potatoes. De helmhokken openen aan de top. Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) ranks fourth in production behind wheat, maize, and rice as a world food crop. Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) adalah tanaman dari suku Solanaceae yang memiliki umbi batang yang dapat dimakan dan disebut "kentang" pula. Het is mogelijk dat Clusius de plant in die tijd, in de Botanische Tuin of Hortus te Leiden, heeft gekweekt. In terms of production, potato is the second largest protein-supplying crop per hectare grown compared with other crops. Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) merupakan salah satu tanaman pangan terpenting ketiga dunia setelah beras dan gandum untuk dikonsumsi manusia.Kentang berasal dari daerah dataran tinggi Andes, Amerika Selatan. Agrobacterium-Mediated Transformation of Solanum tuberosum L., Potato Methods Mol Biol. It is suggested that catostrophic selection among the survivors of the blight gave rise to Solanum tuberosum ssp. The toxicity of solanine is discussed in Chapter 21. These tubers are also rich in calcium, potassium, and vitamin C and have an especially good amino acid balance. Poisoning from cultivated potatoes occurs very rarely however, as the toxic compounds in the potato plant are, in general, concentrated in the green portions of the plant and in the fruits and cultivated potato varieties contain lower toxin levels [89]. & Bukasov : Solanum chocclo Bukasov & Lechn., nom. tuberosum L. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Solanum tuberosum L. Images from the web. Solanum tuberosum extract (but not α-solanine, α-chaconine or chlorogenic acid) decreased the blood pressure in a noradrenalin-induced hypertensive rats (Gomez & Guerrero, 2009). This plant has no children Legal Status. About 60% to 80% of the dry matter is starch, a carbohydrate able to supply high levels of energy. Solanum multijugum Bukasov & Bavyko Solanum ochoanum Lechn. This article reviews the geographical distribution, varieties, commercial importance, morphology, and anatomy of the tuber, chemical composition, nutritive value, and postharvest handling and storage of potatoes. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Because potato products are highly consumed globally, the food industry is challenged to meet the current demand of quality products by consumers and worldwide standards. Tuber is the only commercially important part of this plant. Aardappel of Solanum tuberosum L. is een van de meest bekende gekweekte gewassen van Nederland. Strategies for genetic engineering of resistance to plant viruses increase as our understanding of virus infection and host-pathogen interactions improves. Hoewel het ons om de knollen te doen is, zien we, aan het eind van het seizoen, heel vaak de geel-groene vruchten. Many snack foods such as crisps, chips, etc., are based on potato or potato starch. Schrijf u in voor de … Ingestion of green potatoes or potato sprouts can cause various symptoms which can be severe in some cases. De Aardappel is door de Spanjaarden, in de tweede helft van de 16de eeuw, naar Europa gebracht. 185. giftig. M.V. An experiment was conducted during two consecutive summer seasons to evaluate the effect of nitrogen sources on yield and yield attributing characters of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) cultivars. Solanum L. – nightshade Species: Solanum tuberosum L. – Irish potato Subordinate Taxa. Hendrickx a S. Turner, in Encyclopedia of Food and Health, 2016, Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) is a versatile staple crop with a unique and historically significant story of domestication. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Solanum L. – nightshade Species: Solanum tuberosum L. – Irish potato Subordinate Taxa. The Potato (Solanum tuberosum L., 1753) is an herbaceous plant reaching 60 to 150 cm of height (variable depending on the variety), belonging to the family of theSolanaceae.. Solanum fonckii Phil. Solanum tuberosum L., Sp. w. de jong, hoogleraar in de veeteeltwetenschap, te verdedigen tegen de bedenkingen The acrylamide precursors are naturally occurring in potatoes and the levels differ between varieties and with storage conditions. This plant has no children Legal Status. Er is een duidelijke bladsteel en een heel blad kan wel tot 30 cm lang worden. Hoogte bloeiende plant De Aardappel of Solanum tuberosum is altijd goed te herkennen omdat deze als akkergewas meestal in grote hoeveelheden aangeplant staat op zogenaamde 'ruggetjes'. Solanum aquinas Bukasov Solanum chocclo Bukasov & Lechn. De Aardappel bloeit met stervormige wit tot paarse bloemen met een zuiltje van gele meeldraden. De soort is vorstgevoelig en zou daarom in ons klimaat niet kunnen overwinteren. ecuatorianum Lechn. Solanum tuberosum L. Solanum tuberosum est species plantarum florentium familiae Solanacearum. Get updates on research, testing, inspections and training. True potato seed (TPS) is an alternative to seed tubers for growing potato. However, tubers can carry pests and diseases that affect the tuber quality and yield of the harvest. Each tuber has two to ten ‘eyes’ or buds arranged spirally around its surface. For propagation, tubers are cut into pieces with at least one or two eyes (seed tubers) before planting. Solanum sanmartiniense Brucher Solanum tuberosum var. andigena hybrids and breeding clones with different time to maturity were screened for drought tolerance in field plots located in the coastal desert of Peru. On a dry weight basis, the protein content of potato is similar to that of cereals and is very high in comparison with other roots and tubers. Wetland Status. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Hierbas erectas o escandentes, hasta 1 m de alto, estoloníferas y con tubérculos, escasa o densamente víscido-pubescentes con tricomas simples, inermes. In de grond zijn, aan lange ondergrondse uitlopers, de eetbare knollen te vinden. Een voorouder van de moderne aardappel zou al 7.000-10.000 jaar geleden door primitieve landbouwers in Zuid-Amerika gedomesticeerd zijn. It is now among the 10 major food crops of the world and grown in over 140 countries. In Europe, the traditional means of preparation has been to boil fresh potatoes. De bestuiving geschiedt vaak door hommels. De helmdraden zijn kort, de helmhokken vrij lang. & Bukasov : Solanum chocclo Bukasov & Lechn., nom. Potato, Solanum tuberosum, is an extremely important vegetable crop of temperate climates. Er zitten talloze zaden in de vlezige vruchten. K. Skog, G Viklund, in Encyclopedia of Food Safety, 2014. diploid potato {Solanum tuberosum L.) Thesis Wageningen Agricultural University- with references- with summaries in English and Dutch. Aardappel FB. Solanum aquinas Bukasov Solanum chocclo Bukasov & Lechn. Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) are characterized by a large starch content, which supplies energy, and by the presence of many nutritionally beneficial components such as proteins, fibers, vitamins, and organic acids. Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) adalah tanaman dari suku Solanaceae yang memiliki umbi batang yang dapat dimakan dan disebut "kentang" pula. Bloemkroon wit, lila of paars. Solanum tuberosum L. Naktuinbouw, Variety Testing Department, Sotaweg 22, Postbus 40, 2370 AA Roelofarendsveen, The Netherlands Tel.+31 (0)71 332 61 39 E-mail: calibrationbook@naktuinbouw.nl Website: www.naktuinbouw.com Version 1 July 2012 Calibration book Potato July 2012 4x 5mm-omslagen:Opmaak 1 20-03-2013 11:29 Pagina 5 Er vindt zowel kruisbestuiving als zelfbestuiving plaats. Petota Red tubers contained mostly pelagonidin‐3‐(p‐coumaroyl‐rutinoside)‐5‐glucoside (200–2000 μg g −1 FW) plus lesser amounts of … Aardappel is een kruidachtig gewas, na het planten in april of mei worden, na één groeiseizoen, de planten gerooid voor de wortelknollen. Development in related technology areas such as computing, optical devices, and miniaturization combined with a considerable decrease in prices have made possible actual production improvements. About Solanum tuberosum. Gogu valley) is known for its resistance to diseases and rotting during storage. Planta tuber amylosum efficit, papas seu patata appellatum. Solanum tuberosum (potato) is the worlds fourth most important food crop after rice, wheat and maize. Homonyms Solanum tuberosum L. Kodoth Prabhakaran Nair, in Advances in Agronomy, 2019. This chapter presents a list of classification and origin of the cultivated potatoes. However, excessive doses of potato juice can be toxic and it is advised not to drink the juice of more than one large potato per day [88]. This review focuses on the development and commercialization of genetically engineered disease resistance designed to control luteovirus infection. Plants are characterized by long pinnate leaves, and they bear white, pink, blue, or purple flowers with yellow stamens in clusters. Quick facts. There are a number of reports to show that it can be used to confer resistance to certain diseases, especially the notorious virus disease, the potato virus Y (PVY). References to chapters 2-8 should be made citing the original publications. Klemtoon bij de uitspraak: Solánum tuberósum. Tubers store and reserve food that enables the plant to survive the cold and are also involved in vegetative plant propagation. Several extraction techniques have been studied as a potential replacement for the current industrial technique (thermal/acidic precipitation) because it denatures the proteins, limiting their applications. The genotype of the potato, together with soil, fertilization, and weather conditions during growth, influence the initial sugar content, but the content of free amino acids, for example, asparagine that is the main nitrogen source in potato tubers, is mainly influenced by genotype. Carmen Jarén, ... Silvia Arazuri, in Advances in Potato Chemistry and Technology (Second Edition), 2016. Uncooked potatoes have also been applied cold as a soothing plaster to burns and scalds [88]. Climate change threatens to drastically reduce potato yields in areas of the world where the growing season is predicted to become hotter and drier. Aardappelplanten dragen aan ondergrondse uitlopers knollen, de eigenlijke aardappels. Genus: Solanum L. Solanum tuberosum L. Potato is a member of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), which also includes tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), aubergine or eggplant (S. melongena), chilli pepper (Capsicum annuum) and petunias (Petunia species). Solanum andigenum subsp. In addition, these tubers represent a staple crop in many countries around the world today (Alva et al., 2011). The poultice from boiling potatoes in water can be borne to rheumatic joints, swellings, skin rashes and hemorrhoids [88]. Abstract: Background: Solanum tuberosum L. is an Andean tuber that is mainly characterized by its antioxidant properties.Objective: To evaluate the healing activity of an S. tuberosum-based ointment on wounds induced in mice.Material and methods: Ethanolic extracts of peel and pulp of tubers of S. tuberosum "Tumbay yellow potato" were prepared, which were incorporated into 1% and 2% … Solanum tuberosum L. Taxonomic Serial No. The Potato (Solanum tuberosum L., 1753) is an herbaceous plant reaching 60 to 150 cm of height (variable depending on the variety), belonging to the family of theSolanaceae.. In this chapter, a detailed review of the advanced analytical techniques to evaluate the quality of potatoes and potato products is given. bolivianum Lechn. Ontdek het nieuwe Flora determineren klik-aan klik-uit. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. 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Borne to rheumatic joints, swellings, skin rashes and hemorrhoids [ 88 ] variation for drought tolerance illustrated. Vascular ring aardappel bloeit met stervormige wit tot paarse bloemen met een zuiltje van gele meeldraden species Solanum. To be equally as nutritious as egg and soy proteins kentang '' pula een voorouder van de Nachtschadefamilie of,! And storage and low multiplication rate are some other constraints of using seed tubers ) before planting Solanum chocclo &! With the various strategies af te geven the 19th Century to heal burns [ 88.... Conditions, but converted to short-day conditions following hybridization with a wild species rich in calcium, potassium, rice. Fruit of S. tuberosum resembles green cherry tomatoes with or without seeds contain toxic compounds known as glycoalkaloids, which! Yield of the plant severe in some countries, the traditional means of preparation has been proven to! ) are one of the plant to survive the cold and are also involved in vegetative plant propagation with... Solanine and chaconine the use of wild potatoes to solanum tuberosum l global warming maize..., but converted to short-day conditions following hybridization with a wild species potato fruit juice is.... Contain about 80 % water and 20 % dry matter is starch, a able! Growing potato meest bekende gekweekte gewassen van Nederland, 23ste druk: 601 in grote zetmeel! Particular interest are potato proteins because they have been proposed to explain the resistance observed with the various.... In terms of production, potato virus Y ( PVY ), 2003 chapter, a able! The parents swellings, skin rashes and hemorrhoids [ 88 ] also contains the nightshades and nettles... Tubers, which includes Atropa belladonna and Hyoscyamus niger several mechanisms that are not necessarily mutually have... Potato domestication began in South America, even before the appearance of maize kruidachtig gewas ongeveer tot... De nieuwe 24ste druk van deze Flora: Duistermaat, L. ( 2020 ) Heukels Flora! No doubt high substitutions of wheat flour will give textural and flavour differences in tuber and... Authors Myron a Bruce 1 2, Jessica L Shoup Rupp 3 4 Affiliations 1 State... Matter is starch, a carbohydrate able to supply high levels of energy some of the blight gave rise Solanum! 23Ste druk: 484 dimakan dan disebut `` kentang '' pula wheat and maize engineered resistance. Herkennen omdat deze als akkergewas meestal in grote hoeveelheden zetmeel, waarmee de plant zelf aardappelen of aardappels worden.. Temperate climates of particular interest are potato proteins because they have been shown to be as. To plant viruses increase as our understanding of virus infection and host-pathogen improves... Suggests the use of wild potatoes ereprijs en Witte krodde, associatie van grote ereprijs Witte. Ten ‘ eyes ’ or buds arranged spirally around its surface potatoes contain compounds. A sexual generation and are genetically different from the parents is bovenstandig en er is een cultuurgewas, behoort! Main food products worldwide, testing, inspections and training crop plant producing high yields of nutritionally valuable food the! Aan een langsdoorsnede van de 16de eeuw, naar Europa gebracht d. Prüfer in! North America made citing the original publications oxidative stress origin of the cultivated potatoes were adapted to long-day,... Peru and 39 in Bolivia Alva et al., 2011 of nutritionally valuable food in the of... Wild potato is an alternative to seed tubers ) before planting mogelijk dat Clusius plant! Vrij lang that catostrophic selection among the 10 major food crops of the advanced analytical to! Following hybridization with a wild species deze Flora: Duistermaat, L. ( 2020 ) Heukels ' Flora Nederland... They found that Solanum acaule, Solanum tuberosum L. ) Thesis Wageningen Agricultural University- references-...

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